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Plant Details

Gentiana autumnalis

Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian

Scientific Name:

Gentiana autumnalis

Genus:

Gentiana

Species Epithet:

autumnalis

Common Name:

Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Gentianaceae (Gentian Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Blue

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

Jan, September, October, November, December

Growing Area:

Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Longleaf pine savannas, pine flatwoods, sandhills, pine barrens, in a variety of sites varying from moist to very xeric, in se. VA, NC, and SC nearly always associated with Pinus palustris and/or Aristida stricta (Weakley 2015). Uncommon on the NC Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

Notes:

Weakley notes this species is a "bimodal endemic," occurring in s. NJ and adjacent DE (at least formerly), and from se. VA south through e. NC to nc. SC.

Closeup of Bloom

image

Sandhills Game Land, Millstone Creek Natural Area, October 2004
© Kathy Schlosser

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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