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Plant Details

Gelsemium sempervirens

Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Scientific Name:

Gelsemium sempervirens

Genus:

Gelsemium

Species Epithet:

sempervirens

Common Name:

Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine

Plant Type

Woody Vine

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Gelsemiaceae (Jessamine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft., 3-6 ft., 6-12 ft., 12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

Feb, March, April, May

Growing Area:

Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

In a wide range of habitats, from swamp forests to dry uplands and thickets, also commonly planted as an ornamental (Weakley 2015). Common in the NC Piedmont and Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

Can be an aggressive grower. All plant parts toxic to people and livestock.

Flower buds

image

Paynter, Wilmington, March 30, 2011

Flowers

The intensely fragrant flowers appear in late winter or early spring.

image

Vine in bloom

Carolina Jessamine blooms heavily and can climb high even on pines. It often forms tangled thickets.

image

Twining stems

Reddish brown, slender but very strong stems climb by twining.

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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