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Plant Details

Frangula caroliniana [= Rhamnus caroliniana]

Carolina Buckthorn

Scientific Name:

Frangula caroliniana [= Rhamnus caroliniana]

Genus:

Frangula

Species Epithet:

caroliniana

Common Name:

Carolina Buckthorn

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Dry to moist barrens, woodlands, and forests, Coastal Plain limestone bluffs and shell middens, especially over mafic or calcareous rocks. Rare throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W1: Watch List: Rare but Relatively Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Good fall color. Fruit initially red but then ripening to black.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/frangula-caroliniana/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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