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Plant Details

Fothergilla major

Large Witch-alder, Mountain Witch-alder, Tall Fothergilla

Scientific Name:

Fothergilla major

Genus:

Fothergilla

Species Epithet:

major

Common Name:

Large Witch-alder, Mountain Witch-alder, Tall Fothergilla

Plant Type

Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Hamamelidaceae (Witch-Hazel Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Dry ridgetop forests of middle elevation ridges in the mountains, especially along the Blue Ridge Escarpment, summits and upper slopes of Piedmont monadnocks, north-facing bluffs and along small streams in the lower Piedmont. Rare in NC mountains and piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G3 - Vulnerable (*Key)

State Status:

SR-T: Significantly Rare: Throughout (*Key)

Notes:

Colonial. Great fall color. Cultivars available; hard to find the straight species in the nursery trade.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/fothergilla-latifolia/common-name/large-fothergilla/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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