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Plant Details

Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum

American Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet, Fawn Lily

Scientific Name:

Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum

Genus:

Erythronium

Species Epithet:

americanum ssp. americanum

Common Name:

American Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet, Fawn Lily

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

Feb, March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Moist bottomland or slope forests, especially over mafic rocks. Rare throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Can form large colonies. Has yellow stamens and the undimpled fruit is held erect, unlike Dimpled Trout Lily (Erythronium umbilicatum), which has purplish-brown stamens and the dimpled fruit flops on the ground. American Trout Lily is nearing the southern limits of its range here.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/erythronium-americanum-ssp-americanum/

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/erythronium/americanum/



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