plant-banner1

Plant Details

Eryngium yuccifolium

Rattlesnake-master, Button Eryngo

Scientific Name:

Eryngium yuccifolium

Genus:

Eryngium

Species Epithet:

yuccifolium

Common Name:

Rattlesnake-master, Button Eryngo

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Apiaceae (Carrot Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft., 3-6 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

June, July, August

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Var. synchaetum (Southern Rattlesnake-master): Wet savannas, especially those over calcareous clay soils; rare in NC coastal plain.
Var. yuccifolium (Northern Rattlesnake-master): Diabase barrens and glades, olivine barrens, pine savannas, pine flatwoods over loamy or clay soils, prairies, other open sites with at least periodic moisture, generally in sites showing some prairie affinities; uncommon throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled, S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed, W2: Watch List: Rare but Questionable Taxonomy (*Key)

Notes:

Unusual and attractive foliage and flowers.
Eryngium yuccifolium var. synchaetum is listed by the NC Natural Heritage Program as NC Status W2, NC Rank S2, Global Rank G5T5.

Emerging inflorescence. Notice the yucca-like leaves.

Garden in Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of umbel with flowers in bud

Garden in Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Flowering in June

Garden in Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of umbel with open flowers

Garden in Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/eryngium-yuccifolium/

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/eryngium/yuccifolium/



Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)

<<< PREVIOUS

NEXT >>>

back to top
go to plant details search
go to plant images search
go to gallery home
back to Initial e Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums