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Plant Details

Epipactis helleborine

Broad-leaved Helleborine, Eastern Helleborine, Weed Orchid

Scientific Name:

Epipactis helleborine

Common Name:

Broad-leaved Helleborine, Eastern Helleborine, Weed Orchid

Plant Family

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Native/Alien:

Not Native to US

Type:

Herb/Wildflower

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green, Purple

Bloom Time:

June - July - August - September

Bloom Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Mesic and dry-mesic forests, cultivated garden-beds. Rare in NC Mountains.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)

Notes:

This European plant has certainly naturalized in NA (is is currently the only non-native, naturalized orchid in N. America). After being first discovered outside Syracuse, NY in 1879, it has spread widely across the US and Canada. It has spread south into NC and across to CA. Here is a link to the Flora of NA write up - http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242101586. The distribution map is out-of-date as many more locations have been discovered.

Blooming Plant

image

© David R. McAdoo

Closeup of Blooms

image

© David R. McAdoo

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=11976
Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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