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Plant Details

Crataegus viridis

Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn

Scientific Name:

Crataegus viridis

Genus:

Crataegus

Species Epithet:

viridis

Common Name:

Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Swamps, bottomland forests, alluvial woodlands, streamsides, wet flatwoods, and uplands where soils are often basic to calcareous. Uncommon in NC piedmont and coastal plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Long thorns. Red to red-orange fruit. Cultivars available.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CRVI2

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/crataegus-viridis-winter-king/



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