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Plant Details

Crataegus aestivalis

Mayhaw, Eastern Mayhaw

Scientific Name:

Crataegus aestivalis

Genus:

Crataegus

Species Epithet:

aestivalis

Common Name:

Mayhaw, Eastern Mayhaw

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Swamp forests, generally where flooded for much of the year, often flowering and fruiting while standing in water, often associated with Taxodium distichum, Nyssa aquatica, Nyssa biflora, and Planera aquatica, uncommon but sometimes locally abundant; occasionally growing as groves or stands in ‘mayhaw flats’. Uncommon in NC coastal plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W1: Watch List: Rare but Relatively Secure (*Key)

Notes:

The red fruit ripens earlier than many hawthorns, and is used to make jelly.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/crataegus-aestivalis/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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