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Plant Details

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Eastern Redbud, Judas-tree

Scientific Name:

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Genus:

Cercis

Species Epithet:

canadensis var. canadensis

Common Name:

Eastern Redbud, Judas-tree

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

6-12 ft., 12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Pink, Purple

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Moist to dry forests and woodlands, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, also commonly planted as an ornamental. Common in NC mountains and piedmont, uncommon in the coastal plain. Vascular Plants of NC: “Absent to very rare in the Sandhills region and in many far eastern counties.”

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

A much-beloved landscape tree, with many cultivars available.
Unlike many members of the Pea Family, it lacks nitrogen-fixing nodules.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/cercis/canadensis/

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/cercis-canadensis/



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