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Plant Details

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Buttonbush

Scientific Name:

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Genus:

Cephalanthus

Species Epithet:

occidentalis

Common Name:

Buttonbush

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Plant Family

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

June, July, August

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Streambanks, riverbanks, depressional wetlands, lakes, often in standing water

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite, Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

In bloom

Buttonbush grows in wet places, even in standing water. Wood Ducks eat the seed and the flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Leaves opposite or in whorls of three.

image

Jack Spruill, Tyrell Co, July 21, 2009

This plant was growing on the banks of the Scuppernong River in Columbia.

Flower cluster

image

David Paynter, Brunswick Town, 6.11.11

Close-up of flower

image

David Paynter, Brunswick Town, 6.11.11

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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