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Plant Details

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut Hickory, Swamp Hickory

Scientific Name:

Carya cordiformis

Genus:

Carya

Species Epithet:

cordiformis

Common Name:

Bitternut Hickory, Swamp Hickory

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Forests and woodlands, especially in rich, moist alluvial or slope forests. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Beautiful fall color and distinctive yellow winter buds. Wood great for smoking meats.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Vascular Plants of NC: https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

NC Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/carya-cordiformis/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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