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Plant Details

Baptisia tinctoria

Honesty-weed, Rattleweed, Black Wild Indigo, Northern Wild Indigo, Horsefly-weed

Scientific Name:

Baptisia tinctoria

Genus:

Baptisia

Species Epithet:

tinctoria

Common Name:

Honesty-weed, Rattleweed, Black Wild Indigo, Northern Wild Indigo, Horsefly-weed

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Orange

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June, July, August

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Sandhills, pine flatwoods, xeric woodlands, ridges, woodland edges, and roadbanks. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Called "Black Wild Indigo" because the fruits turn black in the fall and winter. It has been used as a dye and for medicinal purposes.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Vascular Plants of NC: https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

NC Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/baptisia-tinctoria/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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