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Plant Details

Baccharis halimifolia

Silverling, High-tide Bush, Mullet Bush, Groundsel Tree, Sea Myrtle

Scientific Name:

Baccharis halimifolia

Genus:

Baccharis

Species Epithet:

halimifolia

Common Name:

Silverling, High-tide Bush, Mullet Bush, Groundsel Tree, Sea Myrtle

Plant Type

Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

Rank 3 - Lesser Threat (*Key)

Size:

3-6 ft., 6-12 ft., 12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

August, September, October

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Fresh and brackish marshes, marsh borders, hammocks, moist abused land, roadsides, ditches, old fields, and a wide variety of disturbed areas. Native and common to the NC coastal plain (primarily maritime and estuarine edges), but has invaded inland, especially along highways and the edges of cultivated fields; now a common non-native in the NC piedmont, rare in mountains. “B. halimifolia is becoming increasingly common inland, and can be an aggressive invader in sunny sites after silvicultural disturbance” (Weakley 2015).

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Semi-evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants); the flowers are not showy, but the mature seeds have silvery-white bristles and are quite showy in the fall (older people liken them to shaving brushes).

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Vascular Plants of NC: https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

NC State Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/find_a_plant/?q=Baccharis

700 Bird-friendly Plants for NC: https://nc.audubon.org/700



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