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Plant Details

Aesculus flava [= Aesculus octandra]

Yellow Buckeye

Scientific Name:

Aesculus flava [= Aesculus octandra]

Genus:

Aesculus

Species Epithet:

flava

Common Name:

Yellow Buckeye

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Sapindaceae (Soapberry Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Moist forests, up to nearly 2000m, especially prominent in seepy cove forests, in the Piedmont only in “montane” habitats (Weakley 2015). Common in NC Mountains, rare in Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Notes:

Attracts butterflies. Squirrels eat the nut.

Yellow Buckeye is common in the mountains in moist forests, especially on seepage slopes in coves.

"One of the largest, most massive, and commonest trees in Southern Appalachian coves, recognizable in winter by the bark of large platelike slabs, thick twigs, and massive form." Weakley Flora May 2011

image

Paynter, May, 2012

Flowers

image

Fruit

image

Aesculus flava tree, Craggy Gardens Picnic Area, Blue Ridge Parkway, NC

image

© Will Stuart, 2011

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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