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Plant Details

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum [= Smilacina racemosa]

Eastern Solomon's-plume, False Solomon's-seal, Feathery False Lily-of-the-valley

Scientific Name:

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum [= Smilacina racemosa]

Genus:

Maianthemum

Species Epithet:

racemosum

Common Name:

Eastern Solomon's-plume, False Solomon's-seal, Feathery False Lily-of-the-valley

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Forests. Common in NC Mountains and Piedmont, uncommon in Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Notes:

Compare with the real Solomon's Seal, Polygonatum biflorum.

The feathery, creamy-white masses of flowers borne at the end of the stem distinguish this species from the true Solomons seals (Polygonatum spp.), which have pendulous, axillary, bell-like flowers. The rhizome lacks the seal-like pattern of the true Solomons seals, but exhibits circular stem scars. (Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center)

Some recommendations to plant in larger groups for good landscape impact

Blooming Plant

The False Solomon's Seal bloom is at the end of the stalk, rather than a row of blooms dangling beneath.

image

Black Mountain, late April 2002
© MB Baumeister

Foliage

image

Black Mountain, late April 2002
© MB Baumeister

Budding Plant

image

Black Mountain, late April 2002
© MB Baumeister

Blooms

image

Black Mountain, late April 2002
© MB Baumeister

Ripe Fruit

Late August '08

image

Tom Harville

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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