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Plant Details

Yucca filamentosa

Adam's Needle, Beargrass, Curlyleaf Yucca, Spoonleaf Yucca

Scientific Name:

Yucca filamentosa

Common Name:

Adam's Needle, Beargrass, Curlyleaf Yucca, Spoonleaf Yucca

Plant Family

Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)

Native/Alien:

Native

Type:

Shrub

Bloom Color(s):

white

Size in Feet:

1 - 3

Light:

full sun to light shade

Soil Moisture:

xeric(*)

Bloom Time:

late April - May - early June

Bloom Area:

Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)

Leaves

Beargrass is easy to identify by its sharp, thick, evergreen leaves in a mounded basal rosette and the long, curly filaments on the leaf margins.

image

Paynter, Wilmington, 4/30/2010

Common in dunes, woods and roadsides of the coast, piedmont and mountains. Note from Jack Spruill: "The leaves / blades of this plant are very strong. I remember when people who smoked herrings would use the split blades of beargrass to tie the herrings into small bundles to be hung in a smoke house. Even through suitable cord was widely available, it was the tradition to use split beargrass blades."

Coming into bloom

image

Wilmington, May 2012

Flowers close up

image

Inside the flower, 3-cleft stigma surrounded by stamens with pollen.

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants

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