Plant Details

Gentiana autumnalis

Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian

Scientific Name:

Gentiana autumnalis

Common Name:

Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian

Plant Family

Gentianaceae (Gentian Family)


NC Native



Bloom Color(s):

Blue, Violet

Size in Feet:

.5 to 1



Soil Moisture:

Hygric, Mesic, Sub-mesic, Sub-xeric(*)

Bloom Time:

October, November, December

Bloom Area:


Habitat Description:

Longleaf pine savannas, pine flatwoods, sandhills, pine barrens, in a variety of sites varying from moist to very xeric, in se. VA, NC, and SC nearly always associated with Pinus palustris and/or Aristida stricta (Weakley 2015). Uncommon on the NC Coastal Plain.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)


Weakley notes this species is a "bimodal endemic," occurring in s. NJ and adjacent DE (at least formerly), and from se. VA south through e. NC to nc. SC.

Closeup of Bloom


Sandhills Game Land, Millstone Creek Natural Area, October 2004
© Kathy Schlosser


USDA PLANTS Database Record

Bird-Friendly Native Plants

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